PRESIDENT JAMES BUCHANAN
AS SEEN IN:
'Edward The King'
AS PLAYED BY:
James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th President of the United States (1857–1861). He is the only president from Pennsylvania, the only president who remained a life-long bachelor, and the last one born in the 18th century.
After unsuccessfully seeking the Democratic presidential nomination in 1844, 1848, and 1852, "Old Buck" was nominated in the 1856 election. Throughout most of Franklin Pierce's term he was stationed in London as a Minister to the Court of St. James's and therefore was not caught up in the crossfire of sectional politics that dominated the country. Buchanan was viewed by many as a compromise between the two sides of the slavery question. His subsequent election victory took place in a three-man race with John C. Frémont and Millard Fillmore. As President, he was often called a "doughface", a Northerner with Southern sympathies, who battled with Stephen A. Douglas for the control of the Democratic Party. Buchanan's efforts to maintain peace between the North and the South alienated both sides, and the Southern states declared their secession in the prologue to the American Civil War. Buchanan's view of record was that secession was illegal, but that going to war to stop it was also illegal. Buchanan, first and foremost an attorney, was noted for his mantra, "I acknowledge no master but the law."
President Buchanan serves as a link between this British mini-series and the American sitcom 'My Favorite Martian'. But when Tim O'Hara and Exigius 12½ (aka "Uncle Martin") crossed his path on a riverboat, they had traveled back in Time to 1849. By 1860, the turmoil in the nation over the question of slavery had taken its toll and aged Buchanan.....
This concludes our mini-marathon theme of "World Leaders Of The Victorian Age".....