CZAR ALEXANDER III
AS SEEN IN:
'Edward The King'
AS PLAYED BY:
Alexander III Alexandrovich (10 March 1845 – 1 November 1894) also known as Alexander the Peacemaker reigned as Emperor of Russia from 13 March 1881 until his death in 1894.
Though he was destined to be one of the great counter-reforming Tsars, during the first twenty years of his life, Alexander had little prospect of succeeding to the throne, because he had an elder brother, Nicholas, who seemed of robust constitution.
Even when this elder brother first showed symptoms of delicate health, the notion that he might die young was never seriously taken; Nicholas was betrothed to the Princess Dagmar of Denmark.
Under these circumstances, the greatest solicitude was devoted to the education of Nicholas as Tsarevich, whereas Alexander received only the perfunctory and inadequate training of an ordinary Grand Duke of that period, which did not go much beyond secondary instruction, with practical acquaintance in French, English and German, and a certain amount of military drill.
On his deathbed, Alexander's elder brother Nicholas is said to have expressed the wish that his affianced bride, Princess Dagmar of Denmark, should marry his successor.
This wish was swiftly realized, when on 9 November [O.S. 28 October] 1866 in the Imperial Chapel of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, Alexander wed the Princess of Denmark.
The union proved a most happy one and remained unclouded to the end. Unlike that of his parents, there was no adultery in the marriage. (Alexander III had six children of his marriage with Princess Dagmar of Denmark, also known as Marie Feodorovna.)
Emperor Alexander and his Danish-born wife regularly spent their summers in their Langinkoski manor near Kotka on the Finnish coast, where their children were immersed in a Scandinavian lifestyle of relative modesty.
Alexander III became ill with nephritis in 1894, and died of this disease at the Livadia Palace on 1 November 1894. His remains were interred at the Peter and Paul Fortress in Saint Petersburg. He was succeeded by his eldest son Nicholas II of Russia.