Monday, March 29, 2010
AS SEEN IN:
AS PLAYED BY:
Wilfred Hyde White
William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, KB, PC (August 10, 1729 – July 12, 1814) was a British army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American War of Independence. Howe was one of three brothers who enjoyed distinguished military careers.
Having joined the army in 1746 Howe saw extensive service in the War of the Austrian Succession and Seven Years' War. He became known for his role in the capture of Quebec in 1759 when he led a British force to capture the cliffs at Anse-au-Foulon, allowing James Wolfe to land his army and engage the French. Howe also participated in the campaigns to take Louisbourg, Belle Île and Havana.
In 1775 Howe arrived in Boston to take command of British forces from Thomas Gage. Howe's record in the War of Independence was marked by the costly victorious assault on Breed's Hill known as the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the successful capture of both New York City and Philadelphia (the latter of which would have significant strategic implications).
He was knighted after his successes in 1775 and was henceforth Sir William, inheriting the Viscountcy of Howe upon the death of his brother Richard in 1799.