On Saturday, officials of the company that owns the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus announced that it will close in May, ending a 146-year run that dates back to a time before automobiles or airplanes or movies, when Ulysses S. Grant was president and minstrel shows were popular entertainment.
PHINEAS T. BARNUM
Born in Bethel, Connecticut, Barnum became a small-business owner in his early twenties, and founded a weekly newspaper, before moving to New York City in 1834. He embarked on an entertainment career, first with a variety troupe called "Barnum's Grand Scientific and Musical Theater", and soon after by purchasing Scudder's American Museum, which he renamed after himself. Barnum used the museum as a platform to promote hoaxes and human curiosities such as the Feejee mermaid and General Tom Thumb. In 1850 he promoted the American tour of singer Jenny Lind, paying her an unprecedented $1,000 a night for 150 nights. After economic reversals due to bad investments in the 1850s, and years of litigation and public humiliation, he used a lecture tour, mostly as a temperance speaker, to emerge from debt. His museum added America's first aquarium and expanded the wax-figure department. While in New York, he converted to Universalism and was a member of the Church of the Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York.
Barnum served two terms in the Connecticut legislature in 1865 as a Republican for Fairfield. With the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution over slavery and African-American suffrage, Barnum spoke before the legislature and said, "A human soul, ‘that God has created and Christ died for,’ is not to be trifled with. It may tenant the body of a Chinaman, a Turk, an Arab or a Hottentot – it is still an immortal spirit". Elected in 1875 as Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut, he worked to improve the water supply, bring gas lighting to streets, and enforce liquor and prostitution laws. Barnum was instrumental in starting Bridgeport Hospital, founded in 1878, and was its first president.
The circus business was the source of much of his enduring fame. He established "P. T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan & Hippodrome", a traveling circus, menagerie and museum of "freaks", which adopted many names over the years. Barnum died in his sleep at home in 1891, and was buried in Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, which he designed himself.
JAMES A. BAILEY
Bailey later associated with James E. Cooper and, by the time he was 25, he was manager of the Cooper and Bailey circus. He then met with P.T. Barnum and together they established Barnum and Bailey's Circus (for which Bailey was instrumental in obtaining Jumbo the Elephant) in 1881.
James Anthony Bailey was married to Ruth McCaddon of Zanesville, Ohio. He died of erysipelas. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, in The Bronx, New York City.
PT Barnum, more than Bailey, has had enough appearances in TV programs so that Toobworld Central can share the wealth and spread them around a few TV dimensions. The only ones from the list below who would remain in the main Toobworld would be the portrayals from 'Branded' and 'The Restless Gun' as Barnum interacted with characters from Earth Prime-Time. And the difference in their appearances (Carson looked NOTHING like the real Barnum!) can be attributed to them depicted as the points of view of the main characters from both shows.
With the others, for the most part it doesn't matter which Toobworld they end up on. But there will be O'Bservations posted for the exemptions.
- "America: Facts vs. Fiction"
- Masters of Illusion
- Played by Paul D'Elia
- The New England Lighthouse Storm, Elizabeth Jennings, Cardiff Giant
- Played by Kevin Murphy
"Wild West Tech"
- Freak Show II
- Played by Tad Atkinson (as PT Barnum)
- Played by Heath Lamberts
- O'BSERVATION: Although this is from the main Toobworld, this wasn't the real Barnum. He was actually a computer generated image, a holographic simulacrum.
- Played by Beau Bridges / Jordan Bridges (as Young P.T. Barnum)
- P.T. Barnum: America's Greatest Showman
- Played by Karl Malden
O'BSERVATION: Malden only supplied the voice for this documentary, but he would have made for a reasonable facsimile of the showman. This is why I included the picture.
- "A.J.'s Time Travelers"
- P.T. Barnum
- Played by Dell Yount
- O'BSERVATION: Toobworld holds that historical figures encoutered in this series were from an alternate dimension, or at the very least, from the original timeline of the main Toobworld.
- Played by John Roney (as Young Barnum) / Burt Lancaster (as Phineas Taylor 'P.T.' Barnum)
- Played by Michael Crawford (as Phineas Taylor Barnum)
- O'BSERVATION: This musical version of Barnum's life takes place in ToobStage, TV dimension that is more heavily influenced by the precepts of a theatrical universe.
"Un, dos, tres... responda otra vez"
- El circo II
- Played by Emilio Aragón (as Phineas Taylor Barnum)
- O'BSERVATION: I don't know too much about this episode and based on the episode description, I'm not sure how PT Barnum fits into it all. Nevertheless, it takes place in Spanish Toobworld, that TV Earth which began with a victory by the Spanish Armada so that they dominated the globe. (All caused by the Meddling Monk.)
- The Greatest Coward on Earth
- Played by Pat O'Brien (as Phineas T. Barnum)
[James Bailey payed by Dick Clark]
- O'BSERVATION: This is probably the only portrayal of James A. Bailey to be found in the main Toobworld.
"The Restless Gun"
- More Than Kin
- Played by Robert Carson
- O'BSERVATION: Vint Bonner must have been drunk to think Barnum looked like this guy.
- "You Are There"
- - P.T. Barnum Presents Jenny Lind (September 11, 1850)
- Played by Ray Collins
O'BSERVATION: i have yet to come up with a workable splainin for 'You Are There', but I don't think the CBS reporters actually found themselves back in Time where they could interview these historical figures.
I'm kind of sad that the circus will be no more but all things must pass.....